Across biography, social history, and memoir, in both fiction and nonfiction, Edmund White has chronicled the gay experience in the United States from the closeted 1950s through the AIDS crisis and beyond. But as William Goldstein wrote in Publishers Weekly, “To call Edmund White merely a gay writer is to oversimplify his work and his intentions.” The acuity, insight, and compassion with which White explores the human condition transcends labels.
With the coming-of-age classic A Boy’s Own Story, White cemented a place for himself—and for gay fiction—in the cultural consciousness. Comparing White to James Baldwin, Herman Wouk, and Mary McCarthy, Thomas M. Disch wrote in The Washington Post Book World that the novel “represents the strongest bid to date by a gay writer to do for his minority experience what the writers above did for theirs—offer it as a representative, all-American instance.” The New York Times Book Review concluded, “Edmund White has crossed J. D. Salinger with Oscar Wilde to create an extraordinary novel.”
White’s celebrated fiction also includes Nocturnes for the King of Naples, Caracole, The Beautiful Room is Empty, The Farewell Symphony, The Married Man, Fanny: A Fiction, and Hotel de Dream, which fills in a critical blank in the life of Stephen Crane, author of The Red Badge of Courage. Jack Holmes and His Friend follows a friendship between a gay man and a straight man from the 1960s through the 1990s. White’s 2016 novel Our Young Man follows a seemingly ageless model through the full spectrum of gay amorous life, from the disco era into the age of AIDS. Astonishingly prolific and versatile, White has been praised by contemporary John Irving as “one of the best writers of my generation; he’s certainly the contemporary American writer I reread more than any other, and the one whose next book I look forward to reading most.”
White has been involved in the gay rights movement since the 1969 Stonewall riot and has acted as one of its canniest observers. His pioneering The Joy of Gay Sex: An Intimate Guide for Gay Men to the Pleasures of a Gay Lifestyle was published in 1977 and served as a national coming-out announcement for the gay community. White’s travel memoir, States of Desire: Travels in Gay America, published in 1980, explored homosexual life in fifteen major American cities just before the advent of AIDS. City Boy: My Life in New York During the 1960s and 70s, an account of White’s time spent in Manhattan during a time of revolution in the gay subculture, was nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award.
White’s work as a cultural critic and his analysis of the impact of AIDS on the gay community and on American society is perhaps his most valuable contribution to letters. In fiction such as The Darker Proof: Stories from a Crisis and Skinned Alive: Stories, The Los Angeles Times Book Review observed that White “conjures…a serious, sustained look at how AIDS measures and shapes the meaning of our existence.” In 1982 White co-founded the Gay Men’s Health Crisis alongside Nathan Fain, Larry Kramer, Larry Mass, Paul Poham, and Paul Rapoport, a pioneering organization in the early days of the AIDS epidemic.
White has also made his mark as a highly accomplished biographer and memoirist. Genet: A Biography, winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award, is the definitive work on writer and playwright Jean Genet. The New York Times Book Review contributor Margo Jefferson said that White “presents the life meticulously, reads Genet’s work intelligently and writes beautifully.” More recently, White authored the well-received Marcel Proust (for the Penguin Lives series) and Rimbaud: The Double Life of a Rebel. White’s memoirs plumb his own experiences with family, culture, sex, and literature, including My Lives which was named a 50 Best Memoir of the Past 50 Years by The New York Times Book Review. Another memoir, Inside a Pearl: My Years in Paris, recounts the 15 years he spent living in Paris—one of the most productive and creative phases in his career.
His newest book is The Unpunished Vice: A Life of Reading. Part essay, part memoir, The Unpunished Vice remembers White’s life through the words, stories, and poems that have shaped it, laying bare a singular life. In a starred review, Kirkus called the book “a literary delicacy with more takeaways than one can count…White’s reflections are just as lucid as they are fascinating and just as compelling as they are bountiful.” A new novel, A Saint from Texas, about twin sisters growing up in the Lone Star State during the 1950s, is slated for release from Bloomsbury in summer 2020.
White received his BA from the University of Michigan. He has taught at Johns Hopkins, Columbia, Brown, Yale, and Princeton, where he is now professor emeritus of creative writing. White received the 2018 PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Career Achievement in American Fiction, previously awarded to Phillip Roth, Don DeLillo, Cormac McCarthy, and Toni Morrison. White is a Chevalier de L’Ordre des Arts et Lettres, the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, medalist for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters (DCAL), and the winner of the Award for Literature from the National Academy of Arts and Letters. He lives in New York.